Every hour, about 121 Filipinos leave the country to work abroad due to
lack of jobs available in the country.
Every year 1.5 million new jobs have to be created to absorb the large
number of Filipinos entering the labor force.
The number of Filipinos overseas has soared over the past decade - from
2.9 million in 1997 to 3.8 million in 2006.
But some estimates pegged their number at eight million, including
Jay Bautista, executive director of Nielsen Media Research - Philippines,
has cited estimates placing overseas Filipino population at around 12
Remittances constitute 36 percent of Philippine dollar reserves in 1989
and 67 percent in 2005.
OFWs tend to come from bigger families. A study using data from 2000
Census of Population and Housing found that households with overseas
workers were larger by one child than households without migrant worker
The Philippine population increased fourfold in the last 50 years, from 20
million in 1950 to 86.4 million at present, the 12th largest in the world.
The National Statistics Office (NSO) projects that by 2010, there will be
94 million Filipinos, 103 million in 2015, and 142 million in 2040.
The main cause of rapid population growth is sustained high fertility.
Although the average number of children born to a mother has gone down to
3.5 (from 6 in 1973), a large number of women born in the 1970s and 1980s,
who are now of childbearing age, keeps the population growing.
Every year, about two million new born babies are added to the population.
A big segment of the Philippine population belongs to the 0-14 age group.
Half of the population is below age 21, meaning a high dependency burden.
The high unemployment rate worsens the situation, since many of those of
working age are jobless. And in reality continue to be dependents.
Each employed Filipino supports an average of 2 dependents.
Source: Population Commissionís fourth State of the Philippine Population
Report (SPPR 4).
The SPPR is a periodic publication of the Popcom funded by the United
Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). This yearís report focused on the issues
surrounding Filipino international labor migration.